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Historical Timeline
Significant Events Related to Casino Gaming in Michigan
(Revised 11/29/00)

1933 - 1995

1933 Parimutuel betting at horse race tracks legalized in Michigan
1972 State lottery and various forms of Charitable Gaming legalized
1993 Tribal-State Compacts approved in Michigan pursuant to federal law, authorizing seven federally recognized Native American tribes to operate casinos on reservations or trust lands in state (8/93)
1994 Seven Native American tribes begin operating numerous casinos in Michigan pursuant to federally mandated Tribal-State Compacts.

Casino Windsor (Canada) opens temporary casino facility (5/17/94). (See July 1998)

Detroit voters approve advisory votes allowing Atwater Entertainment riverboat casino and Native American casino in Greektown (8/2/94).

1995 Northern Belle Riverboat opens as Casino Windsor's second temporary casino facility (12/13/95). (See July 1998)

1996

Nov. 1996 Voters approve Proposal E in statewide general election (51.5% Yes vs. 48.5% No), authorizing up to three casinos in Detroit, licensed and regulated by five-member Michigan Gaming Control Board to be appointed by Governor (11/5/96).

Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer announces formation of 16-member Casino Advisory Committee, charged with making recommendations to Mayor Archer on implementation of the Act (11/21/96)

Governor Engler appoints State Racing Commissioner Nelson Westrin as Interim Executive Director of Michigan Gaming to make necessary preparations for and assist State in proper implementation of casino gaming in Detroit, pursuant to Proposal E (11/22/96)

Detroit City Council forms Casino Gaming Ordinance Subcommittee (11/27/96)

Dec. 1996 Proposal E takes effect

Governor Engler appoints five members to Michigan Gaming Control Board, pursuant to Proposal E (Thomas Denomme as chairman, Paula Blanchard, Rich Davis, Taylor Segue III, and Hon. Michael Stacey) (12/20/96).

1997

Jan. 1997 Michigan Gaming Control Board conducts its first public meeting (1/23/97)

MGCB Executive Director and Board organize as a State agency, lease temporary offices in East Lansing and Detroit, and hire necessary staff to administer and carry out Board's statutory responsibilities

Board member Taylor Segue III resigns. (See February 1997)

Feb. 1997 Gov. Engler appoints Karen Batchelor Farmer to Board, filling vacancy created by resignation of Taylor Segue III (2/13/97). (See January 1997)

Board submits to Michigan Legislature proposed amendatory legislation to improve and strengthen its licensing and regulatory authority under Proposal E... starts developing Administrative Rules to properly license, regulate and control casino gaming in State

Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians files suit in US District Court (Grand Rapids) contesting Detroit City Ordinance on preferential status of prospective casino developers. (See April 1999)

Apr. 1997 Michigan Senate creates Gaming and Casino Oversight Committee

Michigan House of Representatives designates House Oversight and Ethics Committee as its gaming oversight committee

Board moves into temporary offices in East Lansing (1500 Abbott Rd, Suite 300)

May 1997 Anti-casino group No Dice announces plans to get question of repealing Michigan's casino law on November 1998 general election ballot (5/25/97). Department of State's Bureau of Elections advises group that 247,127 valid signatures are required, and must be submitted by May 1998 to give Bureau enough time to validate signatures. (See July 1998... a similar effort by Coalition to Repeal Proposal E)
June 1997 Both legislative committees conduct public hearings across State... numerous bills introduced in Legislature to amend or supplement Proposal E

Detroit Casino Advisory Committee issues Report to Mayor Dennis Archer (6/13/97)

City Council adopts Casino Competitive Development Selection Process Ordinance

City Council adopts Gaming Enterprise District Ordinance (Mayor Archer's Request for Proposals/Qualifications casino licensee selection process is consistent with ordinances)

Mayor Archer responds to Committee's Report: rejects Committee's "cluster" recommendation; identifies certain areas in City where casinos could be located; leaves open issue of temporary casino facilities; announces he wants at least 50% of casino operations staffs to be comprised of Detroit residents (6/16/97).

Mayor Archer issues Phase One Request for Proposals/Qualifications for selection of three prospective casino developers (6/23/97).

July 1997 State Legislature, by more than required 3/4 vote, passes SB 569 which substantially amends Proposal E... Governor Engler signs into law enrolled SB 569 as Public Act 69 of 1997, the Michigan Gaming Control & Revenue Act, as amended (7/17/97)... Governor appoints Nelson Westrin to six-year term as Executive Director of MGCB.
Aug. 1997 Eleven prospective casino developers respond to Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer's Phase One Request for Proposals/Qualifications

Mayor Archer narrows list of potential casino developers to seven (8/22/97).

Mayor Archer issues Phase Two Request for Proposals/Qualifications... narrows areas where development of casinos could occur; rejects concept of land-based temporary casinos... states that he will consider temporary riverboat casino proposals (8/22/97).

Oct. 1997 Seven prospective casino developers respond to Phase Two Requests for Proposals/Qualifications. (See August 1997)
Nov. 1997 Board opens satellite office at Detroit's Brewery Park Professional Complex (11/5/97). (See October 1999)

Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer narrows list of potential casino developers to four (11/7/97)

Mayor Archer selects final three proposed casino developers: Atwater/Circus Circus (Detroit Entertainment, LLC), Greektown/Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians (Greektown Casino, LLC), and MGM Grand (MGM Grand Detroit, LLC) (11/20/97)... Mayor Archer begins Development Agreement negotiations with each.

Board leases temporary office space in Detroit, for use primarily by Michigan State Police investigators.

1998

Jan. 1998 Board moves into permanent office in East Lansing (1500 Abbott Rd, Suite 400)

Board launches Internet website (www.state.mi.us/mgcb)

Feb. 1998 Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer proposes that all three permanent casino facilities be located near east riverfront (between Jefferson and Atwater, and Riopelle and Chene) (2/16/98)

Board member Karen Batchelor Farmer resigns (2/20/98). (See May 1998)

Mar. 1998 Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer signs Development Agreements with three proposed casinos (3/12/98) and presents Development Agreements to Detroit City Council

Board adopts Casino License and Supplier License application forms, and Business Disclosure and Personal Disclosure forms (3/17/98).

Apr. 1998 Detroit City Council approves Development Agreements (4/9/98). Board receives certified Development Agreements from City (4/17/98), enabling Board to accept and begin processing Casino and Supplier License applications (4/17/98).

Board receives Casino License application from MGM Grand Detroit, LLC (4/20/98). Board begins "Intake Phase" of application process for MGM Grand (MGCB staff reviews application for completeness and proper form; advises applicant of errors/omissions; gives applicant opportunity to make corrections).

Board delivers 1997 Annual Report to Governor and Legislature (4/15/98).

May 1998 Gov. Engler appoints Dr. Jim Holley to Board, filling vacancy created by resignation of Karen Batchelor Farmer (5/6/98). (See February 1998)

Board receives Casino License application from Detroit Entertainment, LLC (Atwater/Circus Circus Casino) (5/8/98) and Greektown Casino, LLC (Greektown/Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians) (5/20/98). Board begins "Intake Phase" of application process for those two applicants (MGCB staff reviews application for completeness and proper form; advises applicant of errors/omissions; gives applicant opportunity to make corrections).

Board adopts amended Administrative Rules (5/21/98).

June 1998 US Court of Appeals (Cincinnati) upholds lower court's rejection of argument by Native American tribes that 8% payments to State are no longer required. Court rules that tribes do not lose exclusive operation of casino games until day MGCB issues Casino License to non-tribal group (6/5/98).

Board begins "Planning Phase" of application process (investigators plan investigative strategy; determine need for additional documents, interviews, etc).

Office of Regulatory Reform files adopted MGCB Administrative Rules with Department of State's Office of Great Seal (6/8/98)... Rules take effect (6/24/98).

Detroit City Council adopts Casino Gaming Authorization & Casino Development Agreement Certification & Compliance Ordinance (6/17/98), amending Detroit City Code to legalize casino gaming within City, and enabling Board to begin actual background investigations. Ordinance establishes process for assuring that three Casino License applicants comply with Development Agreements. (See April 1998)

Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer approves proposals from three Casino License applicants for temporary casino facilities, including proposed locations (Detroit Entertainment, LLC, at old Wonder Bread Building; Greektown Casino, LLC, at Trapper's Alley; and MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, at old IRS Building); requests Detroit City Council to approve first amendments to certified Development Agreements, establishing City's conditions for operation of temporary casino facilities (6/26/98).

July 1998 Detroit City Council approves first amendments to certified Development Agreements (7/15/98) (See June 1998). Board supports amended Development Agreements, and confirms that Michigan law does not prohibit Board from issuing Casino License for temporary casino facility (see Resolution #1998-06) (7/21/98).

Board begins "Investigation Phase" of background investigations. (See "Intake Phase" in May 1998, and "Planning Phase" in June 1998)

Coalition to Repeal Proposal E submits petition to Department of State to put question of repealing Michigan's casino law on November 1998 general election ballot (7/2/98). Department of State's Bureau of Elections informs Coalition that deadline was 5/27/98... time needed to validate petition signatures for November 3, 1998, ballot now insufficient (7/3/98). (See August 1998. Also see May 1997... a similar effort by anti-casino group No Dice)

Casino Windsor (Canada) opens permanent casino facilities (7/29/98) (See 1994)... Northern Belle Riverboat temporary casino facility ceases operation, and is removed from Detroit River (See 1995).

Aug. 1998 Detroit voters adopt Proposal Two, supporting Mayor Dennis Archer's selection of three Casino License applicants... voters also reject Proposal One (would have required City to have African American majority ownership of at least one Detroit casino) (8/4/98).

Coalition to Repeal Proposal E asks Michigan Supreme Court to direct Department of State and Board of State Canvassers to place question of repealing Michigan casino law on November 3, 1998, general election ballot (8/4/98). Court of Appeals dismisses suit (8/10/98)... Supreme Court denies application (8/14/98). Coalition files motion with Supreme Court for reconsideration (8/18/98). Supreme Court upholds dismissal by Court of Appeals (8/26/98). (See September 1998)

Each proposed casino developer pays $333,333 Early-advance Municipal Services Fee to City of Detroit, in accordance with Development Agreements. (See January 1999)

Construction Association of Michigan files suit in US District Court (Detroit) asking that MGCB be prohibited from enforcing section of law on political contributions (MCL 432.207b) (8/28/98).

Sep. 1998 Board of State Canvassers declares petition submitted by Coalition to Repeal Proposal E to be invalid (9/18/98). (See September 1999)

Community Coalition files petition with City of Detroit, effectively asking that City Council's zoning change be disallowed, thus preventing MGM Grand from using old IRS Building for temporary casino facility (due to City's "tie bar" provision in Development Agreements, preventing one temporary casino facility from opening would effectively prevent all three from opening) (9/11/98).

Construction Association of Michigan withdraws lawsuit filed against MGCB regarding political contributions (9/24/98). (See August 1998)

Speaker of Michigan House of Representatives asks Attorney General for opinion on constitutionality of political contribution restrictions (MCL 432.207b), specifically in regard to (a) retroactive prohibition of contributions, (b) prohibition of contributions by family members, and (c) prohibition of contributions to elected officials and committees not involved in casino gaming (9/30/98). (See December 1998)

Oct. 1998 Detroit City Council repeals zoning ordinance for MGM Grand Detroit LLC, then adopts new zoning ordinance for all three casino applicants. New ordinance ties zoning to City appropriations, effectively preventing referendum or initiative efforts from blocking acquisition of certain properties desired for temporary casino facilities (10/15/98). (See September 1998)

Pontiac City Council authorizes Mayor Walter Moore to begin investigating feasibility of having casino gaming in Pontiac (10/16/98). (See December 1998)

During public meeting, Board exempts certain fields of commerce from Supplier licensing process. Following public meeting, Board meets for first time in Closed Session due to confidentiality of material reviewed (10/20/98), consistent with Michigan's Open Meetings Act, as amended (Public Act 267 of 1976).

Nov. 1998 Community Coalition files petition with City of Detroit, asking that City Council's 10/15/98 zoning ordinance of old IRS Building be decided by public vote (11/13/98). City Clerk rejects Coalition's petition (11/20/98). (See September and October 1998)

MGM Grand Detroit files suit in Wayne County Circuit Court, asking that Community Coalition's petition be invalidated (11/19/98). (See January 1999)

Construction begins on proposed MGM Grand Detroit Casino temporary casino facility (11/20/98).

Casino Windsor (Ontario, Canada) reports average daily attendance of 27,800... average daily revenue of $2.3 million (11/19/98).

Dec. 1998 MGCB Executive Director issues first temporary Supplier Licenses, allowing four companies to provide goods/services while background investigations of their Supplier License applications continue (12/10/98)

Oakland County Commission approves motion to ask Gov. Engler and state legislators to oppose any efforts to establish casinos in Oakland County (12/10/98). (See January 2000)

Michigan Senate and House of Representatives approve by joint resolution Tribal-State Gaming Compacts signed by Gov. John Engler, authorizing four additional tribes to open four new casinos (12/11/98). Brings total number of tribes authorized to have casinos to 11 (See August 1993) (See January 1999).

Attorney General Frank Kelley issues written opinion on constitutionality of political contribution restrictions (12/17/98). (See September 1998)

Gov. Engler reappoints Judge Michael Stacey to Board... new term expires December 31, 2002 (12/21/98).

Board member Dr. Jim Holley resigns (12/24/98). (See March 1999)

1999

Jan. 1999 Wayne County Circuit Court rules that Detroit City Council acted legally in passing zoning and appropriations ordinance, allowing MGM Grand Detroit to build temporary casino facility (1/13/99). (See November 1998)

Detroit News begins publishing series of special investigative articles about applicants for MGCB Casino Licenses. First series focuses on Greektown Casino, LLC (1/17-18/99). (See February and April 1999)

According to Detroit Free Press, MGM Grand Inc. now believes Detroit casino gaming market may be as much as $2 billion, up from earlier projection of $1.2 billion (1/24/99)

MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, pays $3.66 million Advance Municipal Services Fee to City of Detroit, in accordance with Development Agreements (1/28/99). Detroit Entertainment, LLC; and Greektown Casino, LLC, each pay $3.66 million Advance Municipal Services Fee (1/29/99). (See August 1998) - Note... Development Agreements prohibited developers from opening casinos within seven months of paying Municipal Services Fee to City of Detroit. Accordingly, no temporary casino could have opened prior to late August 1999. This restriction waived by Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer within hours of MGCB issuing Casino License to MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, on July 28, 1999.

Detroit City Council approves plan to locate three permanent casinos on Detroit's east riverfront at estimated cost to casinos of $249.6 million. Detroit News reports that casinos may eventually pay additional $250 million in other improvements and capitalized interest (1/29/99).

Two members of Michigan House of Representatives file suit in US District Court (Lansing) asking that four 1998 Tribal-State Gaming Compacts approved by joint resolution of Michigan legislature be disapproved at federal level (1/29/99). (See February 1999)

Feb. 1999 Construction begins on proposed Greektown Casino temporary casino facility (2/1/99), and on proposed Atwater/Circus Circus temporary casino facility (2/8/99). Note - Atwater/Circus Circus temporary casino facility would later be named MotorCity Casino.

US District Court (Lansing) blocks efforts by two members of Michigan House of Representatives to stall federal approval of four Tribal-State Gaming Compacts approved in December 1998 (2/5/99). (See May 1999)

Howell Township Board of Trustees rejects proposal by North Star Development group and Bay Mills Indian Community to establish Native American casino gaming in Township (2/15/99).

Two Board members tour construction sites of temporary casino facilities... reiterate caution that developers assume all risk if construction begins without Certificate of Suitability (2/16/99).

Crain's Detroit Business reports that Attorney General Jennifer Granholm favors use of wiretaps to prevent organized crime from penetrating Detroit casino industry (2/17/99).

Detroit Police Department implements Gaming Division to coordinate efforts with MGCB and Michigan State Police; provide security outside casinos; coordinate pedestrian and traffic flow; provide tourism safety (2/99).

Detroit News reports Community Coalition and Black Slate, Inc. collecting signatures for recall vote of Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer in protest of Mayor's choices for casino applicants, and other actions (2/24/99). (See September 1998 and June 1999)

Detroit News publishes second series of special investigative articles about applicants for MGCB Casino Licenses. Second series focuses on MGM Grand Detroit, LLC (2/28/99 and 3/1/99). (See January and April 1999)

Mar. 1999 Attorney General Jennifer Granholm issues written opinion that temporary casino facilities are lawful (3/2/99).

Gov. Engler appoints Hon. Geraldine Bledsoe Ford to Board, filling vacancy created by resignation of Dr. Jim Holley (3/9/99). (See December 1998)

MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, opens Employment Center in downtown Detroit (3/20/99).

Detroit City Council begins considering condemnation of privately owned land along east riverfront as site for permanent casino facilities (3/22/99). (See September 1999)

Greektown Casino, LLC, opens Training Center & Employment Office at Wayne County Community College (3/26/99).

April 1999 Casino Windsor begins offering dice games, recently legalized in Canada (4/7/99).

MGM Grand Casino, LLC, purchases Ameritech building at Third and Abbott streets for 2,200-space parking structure (4/9/99). (See December 1999)

US Court of Appeals (Cincinnati) affirms District Court's ruling on constitutionality of Michigan Gaming Control & Revenue Act (Public Act 69 of 1997), but rules that lower court must reconsider whether preferential status applied by Detroit City Ordinance to Detroit Entertainment, LLC, and Greektown Casino, LLC, was constitutional... case referred back to US District Court (Grand Rapids) for resolution of Ordinance (4/12/99). (See May 1999)

Board delivers 1998 Annual Report to Governor and Legislature (4/15/99).

Detroit News publishes final series of special investigative articles about applicants for MGCB Casino Licenses. Third and final series focuses on Detroit Entertainment, LLC (4/25-26/99). (See January and February 1999)

Detroit City Council approves plan to buy land for permanent casino facilities... approves conditions by which one or more current Casino License applicant may be replaced by new applicant should circumstances warrant (4/29/99).

Gov. Engler vows to join Florida's suit against federal government to maintain state control over expansion of tribal gaming. Attorney General Jennifer Granholm pledges support of suit (4/29/99).

May 1999 Community Coalition files petition with Wayne County Clerk to recall Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer for his opposition to Proposal One which would have required City to have African American majority ownership of at least one Detroit casino (5/4/99). (See August 1998 and February 1999)

Detroit Entertainment, LLC, names its proposed temporary casino facility "MotorCity Casino" (5/10/99).

First shipment of slot machines arrives at MGM Grand Detroit's proposed temporary casino facility (5/12/99). (See June 1999)

US District Court (Lansing) dismisses attempt by two members of Michigan House of Representatives to block Tribal-State Gaming Compacts approved for four tribes in December 1998... says issue not for federal court to decide (5/21/99). (See June 1999)

Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians files motion in US District Court (Grand Rapids) to include MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, in lawsuit contesting preferential status applied by Detroit City Ordinance to Detroit Entertainment, LLC, and Greektown Casino, LLC (5/21/99). (See October 1999)

According to Detroit News, MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, will ask City of Detroit to allow its temporary casino to open earlier than August, provided MGCB approves license application (5/23/99). (See July 1999)

Barden Detroit Casino, LLC, files suit in US District Court (Detroit) against City of Detroit and MGCB, contesting preferential status applied by Detroit City Ordinance to Detroit Entertainment, LLC, and Greektown Casino, LLC (5/25/99). (See July 1999. Also see similar case in May 1999)

MGCB staff completes background investigation of MGM Grand Detroit, LLC... submits draft Confidential Investigation Report to MGCB Executive Director (5/28/99). (See June 1999)

June 1999
MGCB joins City of Detroit, Detroit Police Dept., Michigan Attorney General, Michigan Dept. of State Police, Wayne County Prosecutor's Office, and Wayne County Sheriff's Dept. in creation of State/Local Casino Control Task Force and signing of Memorandum of Understanding, pledging efficient investigation and prosecution of crimes that may occur in connection with casino gaming in Detroit (6/2/99).

Confidential Investigation Report on MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, delivered to Board members and applicant (6/3/99).

Notice of June 21 Public Investigative Hearing for MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, appears in Detroit Free Press, Detroit News, Oakland County Press and Marquette Mining Journal (6/7/99).

William Pickard, local investor in MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, files suit against MGCB in Ingham County Circuit Court (Mason), asking he be permitted to argue own case before Board regarding alleged violation of law prohibiting political contributions (6/7/99).

First shipment of table games arrives at MGM Grand Detroit's proposed temporary casino facility (6/7/99). (See May 1999)

Effort by Community Coalition and Black Slate, Inc. to recall Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer fails to gather sufficient number of signatures on petition... organizers vow to start another campaign (6/8/99). (See May 1999)

Member of Michigan House of Representatives files suit in Ingham County Circuit Court (Mason) challenging approval by joint resolution of Michigan legislature of four 1998 Tribal-State Gaming Compacts (6/10/99). (See January 2000)

Board conducts Pre-Hearing Conference in Lansing with MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, in preparation for Public Investigative Hearing (6/11/99 and 6/18/99).

US Supreme Court strikes down federal ban on television and radio advertising by commercial non-tribal casinos (6/14/99). (See December 1999)

Local investors Anthony Gramer, William Pickard and Roy Roberts voluntarily withdraw association with MGM Grand Detroit, LLC (6/16/99).

National Gambling Impact Study Commission releases final report to president, US Congress and governors (6/18/99)

Board conducts Public Investigative Hearing in Detroit for MGM Grand Detroit, LLC (6/21/99). (See July 28)

Circus Circus Enterprises, Inc. changes corporate name to Mandalay Resort Group (6/21/99).

Governor Engler and four Native American tribes (Bay Mills Indian Community, Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa & Chippewa Indians, Hannahville Indian Community, and Sault Ste. Marie Band of Chippewa Indians) agree to cease 8% payments to State on 6/30/99.

July 1999 MGCB staff begins final inspection and assessment of MGM Grand Detroit's temporary casino facility (7/12/99).

According to Detroit News, state financial analysts predict Michigan Lottery will lose $60 million in sales in first year after Detroit casinos open... K-12 education fund will receive $24 million less from Lottery, but will receive $44 million from Detroit casinos (7/12/99).

MGCB postpones vote on suitability of MGM Grand Detroit, LLC. Initially set for July 20, Board moves date to July 28, allowing more time for thorough inspection and assessment of proposed temporary casino facility and operations (7/16/99).

First shipment of slot machines and table games arrives at MotorCity Casino, Detroit Entertainment's proposed temporary casino facility (7/21/99).

US District Court (Detroit) dismisses lawsuit by Barden Detroit Casino, LLC... says Barden knowingly and voluntarily gave up right to sue City on matters related to selection process (7/22/99). (See May 1999)

MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, holds "media day" for reporters (7/27/99).

Board reconvenes Public Investigative Hearing (See June 1999)... finds MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, suitable for Casino License, and issues first commercial Casino License in Michigan (5:15 PM 7/28/99).

Within hours of MGCB issuing Casino License to MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer waives Development Agreement restriction on opening any temporary casinos prior to late August (7/28/99). Note - Development Agreements with City of Detroit prohibited developers from opening casinos sooner than seven months after paying Municipal Services Fee to City (paid in late January 1999).

MGM Grand Detroit Casino begins casino gaming operations (4:30 PM 7/29/99).

Aug. 1999 Wayne County Commission's Committee on Ways & Means asks Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer to reconsider his choice of east riverfront area as site for permanent casino facilities... asks that permanent sites be same as those for temporary casino facilities (8/5/99).

City of Detroit files suit in Wayne County Circuit Court against 47 landowners whose property is wanted for site of permanent casino facilities (8/10/99). (See March 1999)

Don Barden files appeal in US District Court (Detroit) over federal judge's dismissal of lawsuit by Barden Detroit Casino, LLC, challenging Detroit Casino License applicant selection process (8/19/99). (See July 1999)

US Department of Interior officially recognizes Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan (also known as Gun Lake Band) as sovereign Indian nation (8/23/99).

Sept. 1999 US District Court (Grand Rapids) orders closure of Victories Casino in Petoskey (operated by Little Traverse Bay Band of Odawa Indians) until land is officially taken into federal trust (9/2/99). (See January 2000)

MSU professor estimates Detroit/Windsor annual gaming market to be $3 billion, though industry leaders still think $2 billion is more accurate (9/17/99).

Coalition to Repeal Proposal E files affidavit with Board of State Canvassers, asking that petition signatures gathered in 1998 be counted, and question of repealing Michigan casino law be placed on November 2000 general election ballot (9/21/99). (See July 2000)

Attorneys for some landowners whose property is wanted by City of Detroit for site of permanent casino facilities challenge condemnation authority in Wayne County Circuit Court (9/29/99). Court's decision not expected until March 2000 or later. (See March 1999 and August 1999)

Oct. 1999 Detroit News reports local investors Larry Deitch, Walter Douglas, Michael Malik, Herb Strather and Nellie Varner expected to voluntarily withdraw association with Detroit Entertainment, LLC (10/11/99).

During regularly scheduled meeting, Board approves transfers of ownership within Detroit Entertainment, LLC. In compliance with Michigan law, Board does not disclose identity or other details of transfers (10/11/99).

MGCB staff completes background investigation of Detroit Entertainment, LLC... submits draft Confidential Investigation Report to MGCB Executive Director (10/15/99).

Detroit Urban League, New Detroit and National Association for Advancement of Colored People hold news conference regarding lack of ownership by African Americans in Detroit casino industry (10/19/99).

MGCB Detroit office moves to Albert Kahn Building, 7430 Second Avenue, Suite 300 (10/19/99). (See November 1997)

Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians files injunction in US District Court (Grand Rapids) to stop Detroit casino licensing process, pending resolution of lawsuit contesting preferential status applied by Detroit City Ordinance to Detroit Entertainment, LLC, and Greektown Casino, LLC (10/21/99). (See December 1999)

According to City of Detroit's Human Rights Department, each Detroit casino developer expended reasonable best efforts, and complied with terms of respective Development Agreement relative to target business and construction workforce participation (10/22/99).

Nov. 1999 Notice of November 18 Public Investigative Hearing for Detroit Entertainment, LLC, appears in Detroit Free Press, Detroit News, Oakland County Press and Marquette Mining Journal (11/1/99).

Confidential Investigation Report on Detroit Entertainment, LLC, delivered to Board members and applicant (11/4/99).

Wayne County Circuit Court rules state condemnation law allows land to be taken for commercial enterprises, including casinos... will hear arguments March 22 whether City of Detroit's condemnation of land for permanent casino sites is necessary (11/5/99). (See August 1999)

Pontiac City Council adopts resolution in support of interest by Bay Mills Indian Community to build casino at Pontiac Silverdome (11/15/99). (See October 1998)

Board conducts Pre-Hearing Conference in Lansing with Detroit Entertainment, LLC, in preparation for Public Investigative Hearing (11/16/99).

Board conducts Public Investigative Hearing in Detroit for Detroit Entertainment, LLC (11/18/99). (See December 14)

Dec. 1999 MGM Grand Detroit Casino opens 2,200-space parking structure adjacent to casino (12/1/99). (See April 1999)

Detroit Entertainment, LLC, holds "media day" for reporters (12/1/99).

US District Court (Grand Rapids) denies request from Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians to stop Detroit casino licensing process (12/2/99). (See October 1999)

First shipment of slot machines and table games arrives at proposed Greektown Casino's temporary casino facility (12/6/99).

Wayne County Circuit Court dismisses lawsuits by City of Detroit against landowners whose property is wanted for site of permanent casino facilities. Court rules City must first make genuine offers to purchase before suing (12/10/99). (See August 1999 and May 2000)

Ingham County Circuit Court (Mason) rules that truthful and non-misleading advertising by a lawful casino is legal in Michigan (12/10/99). (See June 1999)

Board reconvenes Public Investigative Hearing (See November 1999)... finds Detroit Entertainment, LLC, suitable for Casino License, and issues commercial Casino License (3:20 PM 12/14/99).

MotorCity Casino begins casino gaming operations (6:00 PM 12/14/99).

Gov. Engler reappoints Paula Blanchard and Rich Davis to Board... new terms expire December 31, 2003 (12/17/99).

Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians asks Michigan Court of Appeals to review MGCB's issuance of Casino License to Detroit Entertainment, LLC (Casino License issued to MGM Grand Detroit, LLC, not at issue) (12/21/99). (See October 1999)

2000

Jan. 2000 "Y2K bug" fails to affect MGCB operations or Detroit casinos... no Y2K-related problems reported with electronic gaming devices, surveillance or security equipment, other electronic equipment, computer programs or gaming operations (1/1/00).

Michigan Dept. of Community Health releases "baseline" survey, estimating 4.9% of Michigan adults are compulsive gamblers (6.4% of adults in metro Detroit) (1/12/00). Similar 1997 survey showed 5.2% of Michigan adults were compulsive gamblers.

Detroit's People Mover station at Greektown neighborhood re-opens after being closed during major construction of proposed temporary casino (1/14/00).

Ingham County Circuit Court (Mason) rules that approval of four 1998 Tribal-State Gaming Compacts by joint resolution of Michigan legislature was unconstitutional... that approval requires passing of law (1/18/00). (See June 1999)

Detroit Free Press reports two-thirds of Pontiac voters oppose converting Silverdome into a casino, according to Epic/MRA survey (1/20/00). (See October 1998)

Victories Casino in Petoskey (operated by Little Traverse Bay Band of Odawa Indians) re-opens after being closed by US District Court (Grand Rapids) (1/27/00). (See September 1999)

Detroit radio pioneer and MGM Grand Detroit Casino investor Martha Jean "The Queen" Steinberg dies at age 69 (1/29/00).

Feb. 2000 Legislation introduced in Michigan House of Representatives to ban all ATMs in Detroit casinos (2/1/00).

State of Michigan files suit with Michigan Court of Appeals to overturn lower court decision that approval of four 1998 Tribal-State Gaming Compacts was unconstitutional (2/4/00). (See January 2000)

President Clinton's proposed budget includes plan to withhold income taxes on casino winnings, and enlist casinos' help in collecting child-support payments from parents who fail to pay (2/7/00).

During public meeting, Board votes on first set of "permanent" Occupational Licenses for casino employees... grants six, denies eight (2/15/00).

Michigan Department of Community Health releases five TV commercials aimed at compulsive and underage gambling (2/28/00).

Mar. 2000 MGCB staff completes background investigation of Greektown Casino, LLC... submits draft Confidential Investigation Report to MGCB Executive Director (3/10/00).

Confidential Investigation Report on Greektown Casino, LLC, delivered to Board members and applicant (3/14/00).

Notice of March 28 Public Investigative Hearing for Greektown Casino, LLC, appears in Detroit Free Press, Detroit News, Oakland County Press and Marquette Mining Journal (3/14/00).

Citing need to resolve ongoing business transactions that may affect application process, Greektown Casino, LLC, requests adjournment of pre-hearing conference. Board reschedules pre-hearing conference for May 23. Board directs Greektown Casino, LLC, to provide summary of proposed business transactions by April 17, and full documentation of proposed business transactions by May 1 (3/28/00).

Apr. 2000 Gambling opponents rally in Lansing to protest growth of Native American casinos in state (4/12/00).

Board delivers 1999 Annual Report to Governor and Legislature (4/14/99).

Greektown Casino, LLC, provides summary of proposed business transactions as directed by Board (4/17/00). (See March 2000)

May 2000 Greektown Casino, LLC, fails to submit by May 1 full documentation of proposed business transactions as directed by Board (5/1/00). (See March 2000)

Greektown Casino, LLC, submits partial documentation of proposed business transactions as directed by Board (5/2/00). (See March 2000)

Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer reviews documents related to proposed business transactions by Greektown Casino, LLC (5/4/00).

Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer says that if City is unsuccessful in acquiring land along east riverfront, he will select new location for permanent casino facilities (5/4/00). (See February 1998)

Notice of May 23 Public Investigative Hearing for Greektown Casino, LLC, appears in Detroit Free Press, Detroit News, Oakland County Press and Marquette Mining Journal (5/9/00).

Citing need to resolve ongoing business transactions with several pension funds interested in acquiring partial ownership, Greektown Casino, LLC, requests adjournment of Public Investigative Hearing scheduled for May 23 (5/9/00). (See March 2000)

Board approves request from Greektown Casino, LLC, to adjourn Public Investigative Hearing scheduled for May 23. Board reschedules pre-hearing conference for July 13 and evidentiary portion of Public Investigative Hearing for July 18. Board also sets May 31 as deadline for pension funds to submit applications as passive institutional investors, thus exempting them from extensive background investigations (5/16/00).

Riverfront East Alliance begins circulating petition to put question of banning permanent casino facilities from east riverfront area on November 2000 City of Detroit ballot (5/21/00). (See February 1998)

Pension funds fail to submit applications as passive institutional investors in Greektown Casino, LLC (5/31/00).

June 2000 Four pension funds withdraw from seeking MGCB approval as passive institutional investors in Greektown Casino, LLC (6/6/00). (See May 2000)

Detroit Mayor Dennis Archer says that if Greektown Casino, LLC, cannot finalize proposed transfers of ownership soon, he may recind selection and rebid City's third casino... says City may have to proceed with only two permanent casinos on riverfront (6/7/00).

Ted and Maria Gatzaros, and Dimitrios "Jim" and Viola Papas submit proposal to transfer their entire 40% ownership interest in Greektown Casino, LLC, to Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians (6/8/00). (See March 2000)

Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians and Monroe Partners, LLC, request Board approval of proposed transfer of 40% ownership by Gatzaros/Papas group, bringing tribe's ownership interest in Greektown Casino, LLC, to 90% (6/8/00).

Riverfront East Alliance fails to gather sufficient number of signatures to put question of banning permanent casino facilities from east riverfront area on November 2000 City of Detroit ballot (6/20/00). (See May 2000)

Attorneys for Greektown Casino, LLC, and MGCB meet with hearing officer in Status Conference to assess progress of proposed transfers of ownership (6/21/00).

Bernard Bouschor wins re-election to fourth term as chairman of Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians (6/23/00).

Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians of Michigan (also known as Gun Lake Band) files suit in US District Court (Grand Rapids), alleging Governor Engler has failed to negotiate in good faith a tribal-state gaming compact as required by federal law (6/23/00).

Notice of July 13 Public Investigative Hearing for Greektown Casino, LLC, appears in Detroit Free Press, Detroit News, Oakland County Press and Marquette Mining Journal (6/29/00).

July 2000 Greektown Casino, LLC, submits last of requested documents regarding proposed transfers of ownership (7/7/00).

Due to lateness of filing of final documents by Greektown Casino, LLC (filed July 7), Board adjourns Public Investigative Hearing dates of July 13 and July 18... leaves proposed transfers of ownership unresolved until August 7 public meeting (7/11/00). (See March 2000)

US District Court (Grand Rapids) dismisses suit brought by Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians contesting preferential status applied by Detroit City Ordinance in selection of two casino developers... rules that Ordinance was constitutional (7/17/00). (See February 1997)

US House of Representatives fails to approve US Senate bill that would have banned gambling over Internet (7/17/00).

Coalition to Repeal Proposal E asks Board of State Canvassers to reconsider placing question of repealing Michigan's casino law on November 2000 general election ballot (7/10/00). (See July 1998)

Notice of August 7 Public Investigative Hearing for Greektown Casino, LLC, appears in Detroit Free Press, Detroit News, Oakland County Press and Marquette Mining Journal (7/19/00).

Board conducts pre-hearing conference for Greektown Casino, LLC... schedules continuation for August 3 (7/27/00)

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